Notes


Note    N00587         Index
James Dudley Cardwell was born about 1790 in North Carolina according to the 1850 Tuscaloosa County, Alabama census. He is assumed to be the son of Thomas Carwdell and Mary LNU of Granville County, North Carolina. He is listed a minor (under 21 years of age at the time of his father’s death in 1799) in the 1805 North Carolina Supreme Court Case “Cardwell heirs vs. Brodie”. He is referred to as Dudley Cardwell in all the Granville County, North Carolina records. It is believed that he moved to Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. There is no hard documentation to confirm that Dudley Cardwell is the James D. Cardwell that is known to have lived in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. Research by myself and other Cardwell family research have placed James of Tuscaloosa as the most likely candidate. Hopefully, a living male Cardwell descendant from this line will join the Cardwell DNA project. If so, we should be able to finally establish that this assumption is correct.

James moved to Tennessee in the 1810’s and first apperars in the records of that state on the muster rolls of Tennessee Militia during the War of 1812. He is listed on the muster rolls of two different units from Tennessee. These units also had known sons of Thomas Cardwell of Granville County, North Carolina serving in them. Nelson and Caleb Cardwell, assumed brothers, served in the same units as James. This provides circumstancial evidence that James D. Cardwell is in fact Dudley Cardwell. Additional research is needed to be certain. James is listed as a Private in Col. James Ralstone and Maj. Gen. William Carroll, Capt. Edward Robinson, Tennessee Infantry. Also listed the muster rolls for that unit is his assumed brother, Caleb Cardwell. James is also listed as a Private under Col. R.C. Napier and Capt. James McMurray, Tennessee Militia Infantry. This is the same unit that his assumed brother, Nelson Cardwell, served in as a Private. Additional research is needed. The specific actions of these unit have yet to be researched, but if they are similar to other Tennessee units during that conflict they were involved in actions in Alabama. This connection might indicate one of the reason that James settled in the Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. After passing through in the area during the war it is a safe assumption that he might have noticed some lands that he would later settle. [Note: I have yet to check the muster rolls for any men that are living in Tuscaloosa County area. If found, this would add more crediability to James D. Cardwell being in the son of Thomas.]

James Cardwell married Elizabeth Emeline Foster on 26 April 1823. She was born about 1800 in Georgia. There wedding year is based on the birth year of their oldest child. James Cardwell is found in the 1830, 1840 and 1850 census of Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. His children are established from the 1850 Census. It is possible that James married earlier in life and that Elizabeth Foster is his second wife. There is a marriage that occurred in Mecklenburg County, Virginia that is of interest. Mecklenburg County, Virginia borders Granville County, North Carolina and Thomas Cardwell (James’ presumed father) is mentioned in that county’s records. James H. Cardwell married Patience Lockett on December 20, 1819 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. That might point to a first marriage for this man, but additional research is needed. Also, it is not known if that union produced any children, but considering that James of Tuscaloosa County was forty years old at the time of this oldest known child’s birth, it is a strong possibility that he had older children. Records in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama indicate that James Cardwell died on 25 August 1863.

This is “research in progress”. Please research this information for yourself.

Research by Rand Cardwell

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Will of James Cardwell
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1852 , Tuscalossa County, Alabama
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CARDWELL, James - 4 Nov. 1851 - prob. 3 Feb. 1852. W. B. I. p. 293. Wife Elizabeth E.; daughter Margaret J. May; daughter Sarah A. May; daughter Mary J. Adams1 son John F. Cardwell; daughter Julia Ann Cardwell; daughter Martha E. Cardwell; daughter Malissa D. Cardwell; daughter Eloisa Thomas; son James R. Cardwell; son Henry Clay Cardwell; son Isaac M. Cardwell; by a former wife; Rebecca Sneed, daughter by a former wife; wife, executrix and Robert S. Adams, executor. Witnesses; James S. Reynolds, Rosa McRae, Alexander Glascock.

Notes


Note    N00588         Index
Caleb W. Cardwell - was born between 1784 and 1790 in Virginia. He was the son of Thomas Cardwell and Mary LNU of Granville County, North Carolina. He is listed a minor (under 21 years of age at the time of his father’s death in 1799) in the 1805 North Carolina Supreme Court Case “Cardwell heirs vs. Brodie”. He moved to Smith County, Tennessee as a young man and first appears in Tennessee records as a soldier in the War of 1812. He is listed as a Private in Col. James Ralstone and Maj. Gen. William Carroll, Capt. Edward Robinson, Tennessee Infantry. Also listed the muster rolls for that unit is James Cardwell. James might be his brother that is refered to as Dudley Cardwell in the Granville County, North Carolina court records. More research is needed, but look for an upcoming article on James Dudley Cardwell. Caleb married in about 1814 or 1815 to an unknown woman. She was born between 1794 and 1804. After the end of the War of 1812 in 1815, Caleb is living in Smith County, Tennessee and is listed in the 1820 census of that county with his brother, Anderson Cardwell.

This line has just completed the preliminary DNA test through the line of Caleb’s son, Caleb Wilson Cardwell. The results confirm that Thomas Cardwell of Granville County, North Carolina is off the Cardwell DNA Line III branch. These results help to solidify the genetic signature of the Thomas Cardwell of Granville branch. It also provides a solid link to Thomas Cardwell of Granville, through his son Caleb, since this branch of the family has a limited amount of paper documentation.

1820 Smith County, Tennessee census, page 49

Caleb Cardwell - born between 1775 and 1794.

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Female (wife) - born between 1794 and 1804
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Male (son) - born between 1810 and 1820
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Female (daughter) - born between 1810 and 1820
*
Male (son) - born between 1810 and 1820
*
Female (daughter) - born between 1810 and 1820

Sometime between 1820 and 1830, Caleb and family move to Montgomery County, Illinois. He is listed in the 1830 and 1840 census for that county.

1830 Montgomery County, Illinois census

Caleb W. Cardwell - born between 1780 and 1790

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Female (wife) - born between 1790 and 1800
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Male (son) - born between 1810 and 1815
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Female (daughter) - born between 1815 and 1820
*
Female (daughter) - born between 1815 and 1820
*
Male (son) - born between 1815 and 1820
*
Female (daughter) - born between 1820 and 1825
*
Male (son) - born between 1820 and 1825
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Male (son) - born between 1825 and 1830
*
Male (son) - born between 1825 and 1830
*
Male (son) - born between 1825 and 1830

He is living between Horace Mansfield and John Steel in that record.

1840 Montgomery County, Illinois census

Caleb Cardwell - born between 1790 and 1800

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Female (Unknown wife) - born between 1790 and 1800
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Female (daughter) - born between 1810 and 1820
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Male (William Thomas) - born between 1820 and 1825
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Female (daughter) - born between 1820 and 1825
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Male (Caleb Wilson - 1828) - born between 1825 and 1830
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Male (son) - born between 1825 and 1830
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Male (son) - born between 1830 and 1835
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Male (Carrole A. ) - born between 1830 and 1835
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Female (Winey - 1833) - born between 1835 and 1840
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Female (Malinda - 1839) - born between 1835 and 1840

He is listed between Josiah Roberts and Isaac Kelly in the record.

Caleb Cardwell appears to have died after the 1840 census as he is not found in the 1850 census. His children are constructed off of marriage records in Montgomery County, Illinois and other regional sources. More research is needed.